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Science-based Prevention (Back)


Well-designed and implemented programs can be one among the most effective strategies that groups and organizations can use to reduce substance use/abuse. There are many lists of programs for prevention available from a variety of sources. CSAP's model programs are highly trusted, considered the top-of-the-line for having endured a high level of scientific rigor. Before selecting a program, it is wise to engage in a sound comprehensive planning process. There are several excellent planning frameworks to select from below.
PreventionDSSCSAP's Logic Model and PreventionDSS

The organizing concept of the PreventionDSS is based on CSAP's logic model for strategic planning, implementation and evaluation of prevention programs. The logic model is presented as a circular, multi-step process involving Assess Needs and progressing through Assess & Develop Capacity, Select Programs & Practices, Implement Programs & Practices, Evaluate Programs & Practices, Report Programs, and Get Training and Technical Support. The PreventionDSS system is being developed collaboratively by CSAP working closely with prevention service providers, CSAP funded contractors, and experts in prevention and computer information technology.
What does it mean to be a promising, effective or model program? An explanation of CSAP's program classification and a direct link to the National Registry of Effective Programs (NREP) which includes additional information on an introduction to NREP, sources of candidate programs, review process and criteria, criteria definitions, scoring procedure and definitions, substantive focus areas and a link to nominate your program.
Achieving Outcomes: A Practitioner's Guide to Effective Prevention

This Guide presents a capacity building framework and process for demonstrating and documenting prevention outcomes. Developed by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) in response to requests from the prevention field, this framework provides guidance in selecting and implementing science-based prevention programs.
This Guide is the product of extensive collaboration between CSAP and its constituent groups, particularly the Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA), the National Prevention Network (NPN), CSAP's regional Centers for the Application of Prevention Technologies (CAPTs), and the broader evaluation community. Pilot tested with Drug Free Communities grantees and CSAP grantees, the Guide is customer-oriented and responsive to queries and concerns expressed by the field of practitioners seeking demonstrated program effectiveness.


Souhwest CAPT's Planning for Community Change Model
Southwest CAPT has developed a systemic community-focused planning model that emphasizes future behaviors and conditions as a vision for the community to work toward. The model also develops evaluation skills to help communities know with a degree of certainty that their efforts have made a difference. Beginning with current community behaviors and conditions and advancing through the planning process to identify risk and protective factors, locating relevant data, identifying effective prevention strategies, developing evaluation measures, and finally, implementing the plan. The model provides a process and tools so that, once learned, can be used over and over again to support effective prevention in community.

Coming Soon! Community Mobilization for Prevention (CMP)
CMP is based on a time-tested action framework that describes developmental stages for communities and supports comprehensive, community-wide prevention. CMP offers a series of community outcomes for each developmental stage accompanied by a self-check list to support community members as they progress. In addition, CMP includes guiding questions, a tool-box of helpful resources, success stories, narrative descriptions, and a glossary of terms. Threaded throughout is a prevention planning process that covers readiness, needs and resource assessment, defining priorities, selecting effective strategies and developing a sound and reliable evaluation plan. This resource will be available - online - to support the dynamic nature of community.
Western CAPT's 7-step Planning and Best Practices Model
CSAP's Western CAPT has developed an easy-to-use web-based model to help guide community coalitions through a reliable planning process for prevention. The steps include Community readiness, Assess needs, Prioritizing risk factors, Resource assessment, Focusing efforts, Selecting effective strategies, and Evaluation. The site is complete with an excellent searchable database of prevention programs across agencies and domains.
Program Selection

SAMHSA/CSAP Model Programs
The SAMHSA Model Programs featured on this site have been tested in communities, schools, social service organizations, and workplaces across America, and have provided solid proof that they have prevented or reduced substance abuse and other related high-risk behaviors. Programs included have been reviewed by SAMHSA's National Registry of Effective Programs (NREP). This Web site serves as a comprehensive resource for anyone interested in learning about and/or implementing these programs.


Western CAPT Program Database
Western CAPT website has an easy to 7-step prevention planning process that includes an excellent searchable database of prevention programs under step 6, Best Practices. Best practices are defined as those strategies and programs which are deemed research-based by scientists and researchers at the National Institute for Drug Abuse (NIDA), Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), National Center for the Advancement of Prevention (NCAP), Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These strategies and programs have been shown through substantial research and evaluation to be effective at preventing and/or delaying substance abuse. The database is searchable by risk factor/domain, protective factor, CSAP strategy, IOM, population, and endorsing agency.


Northeast CAPT Program Database
The Northeast CAPT has collected and categorized information on programs approved by a variety of federal and other research agencies. Their database is searchable by domain, endorsing agency, setting, target population including age, ethnicity, grade in school, and gender.


Model Programs Implementation Sites
Looking for someone whose implementing a model program that you're considering? If you would like to find others who are implementing a model program or have implemented one in the recent past, then you've come to right place.

Here you will find a listing of implementation sites (urban, suburban, and rural) for the Southwest Region. Listed by program, then by state, and then by setting, you can select a site that is similar to your own and contact a the listed site representative to ask questions or seek advice in getting your program started.


2000 Annual Summary: Effective Prevention Principles and Programs
This document reviews the current state of science-based substance abuse prevention principles and reports on effective substance abuse prevention programs systematically reviewed in 1999 from among those nominated for inclusion in CSAP's National Registry of Effective Prevention Programs (NREPP) database.
2001 Annual Report of Science-Based Prevention Programs (2001 CADCA Conference Edition) This document includes an overview of progress for 2001, information on risk and protective factors, emerging issues in implementation, and issues for future investigation. It also explains the NREPP review process and describes CSAP's Model and Promising Programs. The Conference Edition, Fall 2001 of this report can be found in the Library.
Science-based Substance Abuse Prevention: A Guide
This document describes CSAP's conceptual framework and methodology for designing and assessing scientifically defensible programs for substance abuse prevention. This guide is the first of a 3-part series of products developed to help key stakeholders structure and assess scientifically defensible programs. This publication is commonly referred to as purple book number one.
Promising and Proven Substance Abuse Prevention Programs
This document, number two of a 3-part series, is the printed version of CSAP's web-based guide to proven and promising substance abuse prevention programs. The information is arranged in an easy-to-read grid organized by risk factor and domain. Three indexes, arranged by program name, intervention, or risk/protective factors, provide additional search tools. This document is commonly referred to as purple book number 2.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) - Prevention Research publications
NIDA supports over 85 percent of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction. NIDA supported science addresses the most fundamental and essential questions about drug abuse, ranging from the molecule to managed care, and from DNA to community outreach research. At this link you will find NIDA Notes, NIDA InfoFacts, Publications and Research Monographs, news releases, and other resources.
Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools
The US Department of Education and the Expert Panel on Safe, Disciplined and Drug-Free Schools have identified nine exemplary and thirty-three promising programs. The Department will disseminate information about the programs and encourage their use in new sites. The Expert Panel initiative is a way of enhancing programs aimed at developing the health and well being of our nation's young people by making schools and communities aware of programs that have proven their effectiveness when judged against rigorous criteria.
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV) Here you will find "Blueprints" identifying ten highly rated model programs which have met rigorous selection criteria and are recognized by OJJDP -Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention.. Other promising programs can also be found that have met a portion of the criteria, but appear to have the potential to become model programs with further documentation and research.
What does it mean to be a promising, effective or model program?   This information adapted from the National Registry for Effective Programs (NREP) website.
CSAP recognizes three categories of programs, Effective, Promising, and programs with insufficient current support. Any program that has been rated under these criteria as Effective has the option of becoming a Model Programs if their developers choose to take part in SAMHSA dissemination efforts.
Promising Programs have been implemented and sufficiently evaluated to be considered scientifically defensible. They have demonstrated positive outcomes in preventing substance abuse and related behaviors. However, they have not yet been shown to have sufficient rigor and/or consistently positive outcomes required for Effective Program status. Nonetheless, Promising Programs are eligible to be elevated to Effective/Model status subsequent to review of additional documentation regarding program effectiveness. Promising Programs must score at least 3.33 on the 5-point scale on parameters of Integrity and Utility. Originated from a range of settings and spanning many and diverse target populations, Promising Programs are rich sources of guidance for prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation practitioners and designers.
Effective Programs are well-implemented, well-evaluated programs that produce consistently positive pattern of results (across domains and/or replications). Developers of Effective Programs can elect to disseminate their programs themselves although they have the option of working with SAMHSA/CSAP to support broad-based program dissemination. These programs must score at least 4.0 on a 5-point scale on parameters of Integrity and Utility.
Model Programs are also well-implemented, well-evaluated programs, meaning they have been reviewed by NREP according to rigorous standards of research. However, developers, whose programs have the capacity to become Model Programs, have coordinated and agreed with SAMHSA to provide quality materials, training, and technical assistance for nationwide implementation. That help is essential to ensure that the program is carefully implemented, and maximizes the probability for repeated effectiveness. Model Programs score at least 4.0 on a 5-point scale on Integrity and Utility.
Insufficient current support refers to programs that require additional data or details before they can receive a score warranting a level of Effective or Promising. Programs that score less than 3.33 on Integrity or Utility parameters may be very worthwhile and have many implications to inform other prevention, treatment, or rehabilitation efforts. But in their current form, these programs do not score sufficiently high to warrant a rating of Promising or higher.
CSAP's National Registry for Effective Programs

CSAP's Model Programs CSAP - Center for Substance Abuse Prevention SAMHSA Prevention Decision Support System

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