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CKID State Goals
Local Program Outcomes
Evidence of Meeting Goals and Outcomes


In 1998, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) awarded Colorado’s Department of Human Resources, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division (ADAD), a State Incentive Grant of approximately $9 million over three years. The title of the State grant was Colorado Kids Ignore Drugs (CKID).

The purpose of CKID was twofold: (1) To identify gaps in services and then redirect Federal, State, and local resources to support a comprehensive substance abuse prevention plan that is culturally sensitive, cost-effective, and successful; and (2) To reduce drug use among 12- to 17-year-olds.

This cooperative agreement was used to leverage and mobilize prevention resources in the state. This effort built upon the work of Colorado’s Interagency Prevention Council and other significant collaborative initiatives already in existence in the state. The Colorado Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division administered the grant, contracting with local communities for the implementation of prevention program services. The Governor’s Office also had a key leadership role in the grant.  While 15% of the grant funds were targeted for project evaluation and administration, 85% went to local communities. 

Colorado’s SIG dollars were allocated to communities with previously formed, strong, school/community coalitions. In order to be considered, applicants had to provide comprehensive, culturally relevant projects, responsive to the needs of youth. Also, an effort to eliminate gaps and reduce duplication of services had to be made. Youth were required to comprise 25% of the coalition involved in the program planning process. In order to achieve the CKID goals, prevention programs in these communities had to be improved and a statewide evaluation system used to document and track the progress in these programs.

The twenty-three school/community prevention programs funded by the CKID grant were required to use 50% of their grant for programming based on successful prevention principles and practices established in research. This has introduced a number of model prevention programs to Colorado, many of them school-based curricula, including Life Skills Training, Project Northland, and Reconnecting Youth. CKID also required a community-school coalition planning process to foster networks across schools, school districts and local community based organizations.



  • To reduce marijuana, alcohol, tobacco and other drug use among 12-17 year old Colorado youth by increasing the capacity of the State to implement a comprehensive, culturally relevant and systematic statewide approach by coordinating, leveraging and redirecting prevention resources directed at families, communities, schools and workplaces, as allowable.

  • To reduce marijuana, alcohol, tobacco and other drug use among 12-17 year old Colorado youth by developing, implementing, and evaluating comprehensive, consistent, and culturally relevant prevention approaches that use the risk and protective factor framework through a school and community based effort.



  • To reduce alcohol, tobacco and other drug abuse by youth, ages 12-17.
  • To delay the age of first use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs.
  • To increase the perception of risk and harm of alcohol, tobacco and other drug use by youth.


Twelve sites participated in the “assessing outcomes” component of the project by administering pre- and posttest surveys to individual youth for the three fiscal years between Fall 1999 and Spring 2002.  Matching rate varied widely by sub-recipient and survey type, yielding a total matched sample size of 2,209 cases. 

Overall, statistically significant, positive impacts were detected for:

  • 30-day use of a number of substances
  • Perceived use among peers and adults
  • Attitudes toward use
  • Substance related knowledge
  • Drug refusal skills
  • A number of factors related to life skills

However, decreases in 30-day use and intent to use in the future typically reached statistical significance only when examining those youth that indicated on the pretest that they previously used the substance in question.  In general, the impacts were strongest for alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana.

Other advancements in the state have included:

  • Coordination with the Interagency Implementation Team (IIT) of the new Division of Prevention and Intervention Services for Children and Families within the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
  • Development of the Community Mobilization for Prevention web-based guide
  • Establishment of the state level prevention providers Technical Assistance and Field Staff Forum
  • Enhancement of statewide assessment and evaluation systems for the field of prevention.


Bonny K. Million, Webmaster
CSAP's Southwest CAPT
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